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Photographer: Christophe Vander Eecken

Managing for results

Making sure that everyone involved in implementing the Grants contributes to the achievement of desired results is crucial. Therefore, the strategy of results-based management is being pursued at all levels.

The EEA and Norway Grants have two overall goals, namely contributing to reducing social and economic disparities in Europe and strengthening bilateral relations.  In order to make sure that everyone involved in implementing the Grants work towards achieving these goals, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway have introduced a results-based management framework for the Grants.


Simply put, results based management means setting clear objectives for what you want to achieve and developing a number of sound indicators for measuring progress and making sure that various programmes and projects all contribute to reach the set objectives.  A core element in results-based management is the so-called results chain; it illustrates the anticipated causal relationship between various elements over time:

To illustrate:

  • Outputs is what is being produced or delivered, for instance the building of a new school.
  • Outcome is the result of the output/s, for instance that more children will now have access to education.
  • Objective is the long term consequence, for instance a higher literacy rate. 

Result-based management and the Grants

For the EEA and Norway Grants, results-based management means making sure that the outcomes of all the programmes contribute to reaching the overall objectives of reducing economic and social disparities and strengthening bilateral relations. It also means making sure that the individual projects contribute to reaching the overall outcomes of the programme area under which they are financed.

The programme model and the use of results-based management facilitate the measurement of the results of the funding, making the Grants more accountable and transparent.

Interested in knowing more? Read an introduction to how we report on results.

Risk management and evaluations

Managing risks is an important and integrated part of results-based management.  Managing for results does not only mean setting clear objectives and indicators, it also means identifying, analysing and responding to risks. The approach is to accept the existence of risks and plan accordingly. 
Read more about how we manage risks

Monitoring and evaluation is another central part of results-based management. This is important for finding out if programmes are reaching their objectives and to draw lessons for the future.
Read more about how we monitor and evaluate progress