Social dialogue, employment and working conditions are very vulnerable to economic and political changes, as has been witnessed in most European countries following the economic crisis.
Weak social dialogue
Increased globalisation, technological progress, declines in trade union density and the decentralisation of collective bargaining have a significant negative impact on industrial relations. Weak capacity among social partners to establish and maintain social dialogue is a major challenge.
The financial crisis of 2008 put a heavy strain on European labour markets, leading to a sharp increase in unemployment. Although unemployment is gradually decreasing across Europe, it remains a substantial challenge, particularly for youth. Long-term unemployment is another challenge that needs attention, as well as skills mismatch.
Unequal access to employment
Discrimination is still a challenge in the labour market. In a recent survey from EU’s Agency for Fundamental Rights, 29% of respondents who looked for a job felt discriminated against based on their ethnicity. Disability and age are also factors that hinder equal access to employment.
Substandard working conditions
The current financial and economic situation has greatly deepened workers’ concerns about working conditions, labour standards and social protection. There is low awareness of rights and obligations, and health and safety concerns are often ignored. Work-related crime, undeclared work and social dumping are the negative results of increased globalisation and mobility.
We aim to strengthen tripartite cooperation between employer organisations, trade unions and public authorities and promote decent work.
Decent work covers social dialogue, strengthened rights of employees, employment and social protection. Tripartite cooperation is encouraged by the ILO to promote harmonious labor relations. To promote dialogue between employers, employees and public authorities, we support activities such as:
- Institutional capacity-building and training
- Cooperation between social dialogue organisations
- Cooperation between labor inspectorates and other relevant regulatory bodies