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A study into the economic and ecological potential of conservation enterprises to enhance the local economy, ecosystem services, and biodiversity in the Fagaras Mountains Natura 2000 site (ECOSS)


Project Facts

Project objective: Improved integration of biodiversity considerations in sectoral policies and legislation
Project promoter: Foundation Conservation Carpathia
Type of institution: Other type of NGO
Project number: RO02-0003
Target group(s): Civil servants/Public administration staff, Public and private organizations, including not-for-profit organizations and NGOs, responsible for the organization and delivery of education and training at local, regional and national levels,
Status: Completed
Initial project cost: € 499,379
Final project costs: € 398,534
From EEA Grants: € 304,879
The project is carried out in: Romania

More information

Project website

This is a project under the programme: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Project partnership(s)

What will the partnership achieve?

Summary of project results


The general objective of the Programme was to implement solutions regarding ecosystem service degradation, to increase the level of knowledge on their contribution to economy and to contribute in putting in an end to the loss of biodiversity in Romania. The objective included approaching issues related to fragmentation of habitats, restoration of damaged areas, as well as integration of aspects related to biodiversity in sectorial policies. Additionally, the Programme tackled to lack of concern and education of the wide audience in terms of biodiversity. This project has revealed the socio-economic context of the Natura 2000 sites in the Fagaras Mountains, it has identified the main economic activities and how they influence and are influenced by the ecosystem services and biodiversity of the site and how they can be transformed into a new direction that the development of a ‘green’ economy that would help improve ecosystem services and biodiversity. We identified a number of 10 business ideas that could be carried out in the Natura 2000 Fagaras area, but they must meet the terms of being a nature conservation business alongside the regulations and policies in place to stimulate this type of business. Through this project, solutions that contribute to the development of policies and strategies that can be applied in other geographic areas and that would support the development of a ‘green’ economy have been indicated. Thus, the project contributes to the objective of the RO02 Programme, tackling issues related to the degradation of ecosystem services, habitat fragmentation and biodiversity conservation by developing the methodology for implementing this concept of economic development based on nature conservation together with a favorable legal framework. The policy recommendations designed by this project are created to support decision-making by central authorities as an alternative to the harmonious interaction between the need for communities to develop and protected natural areas, which at present are shown up to conflict level. In parallel with this project, the project promoter initiated an interaction with the general public and local decision-makers through awareness-raising actions on the concept of ecosystem services and how ‘green’ businesses bring the same material benefits as a conventional business but are more durable by their protective nature, bringing long-term benefits to a larger number of people.

Bilateral results


The project was carried out by the contribution of 3 individuals: Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Conservation Capital RO (CCRO) and Mrass & Partner (MRASS). However, only NINA partner belongs to a donor country. NINA partner was in charge of achieving the rate/result of Activity 1 - Establish the stakeholders who could potentially impact upon/benefit from those values, by means of assessing the socio-economic context of the Fagaras Mountains Natura 2000 sites, support in defining information to be collected within activity 2 - Establish the stakeholders who could potentially impact upon/benefit from those values, by means of assessing the socio-economic context of the Fagaras Mountains Natura 2000 sites and providing ideas for the informative materials within Activity 8. NINA partner achieved 100% the indicator of activity 1, however with a great delay, which also led to the delay of other activities using information from the A1 result. Project promoter mention that there was communication with the partner's leading expert, but the agreed deadlines have been exceeded on several occasions, and the justification of the expenditure by submitting the audit reports was forwarded unjustifiably, requiring revisions due to inconsistent statements in this report.


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