Biomass composting mechanism for preserving biodiversity in Natura 2000 areas

Project facts

Project promoter
Zemaitija National Park Administration
Project Number:
LT03-0006
Target groups
Researchers or scientists
Status:
Completed
Initial project cost:
€642,800
Final project cost:
€642,723
From EEA Grants:
€ 546,315
The project is carried out in:
Telšių apskritis

More information

Description

The main aim of the project is to restore valuable meadows, grassland and swamp habitats, with the ability to utilize the biomass. For this purpose the technique for open habitat management will be implemented. The grass biomass will be used for the compost preparation in the nursery of the state forestry. During the project the compost site, which is 0,5 hectare in size, will be developed as well as the facilities for technique storage and the liquid accumulation reservoir. The project is implemented by the Directorate of Žemaitija National Park, in partnership with the SA Telšių State Forest Enterprise. The continuity of the project activities will be assured by the Project Promoter, and the local community will also be involved in the project.

Summary of project results

Natural meadows, grasslands, and wetlands are natural assets. They have survived the greatest biodiversity, many rare species. If there are no open spaces left, the landscape will uniform, and the habitats of medicinal, melliferous and other plants and animals living in them will disappear. Unused meadows, grasslands, wetlands gradually turn into forests because they are in the forest area. In order to solve this problem a project „Biomass composting mechanism for preserving biodiversity in Natura 2000 areas“ was implemented. During the project implementation period (February 2015 – April 2017) main project objectives were achieved: a long-term mechanism for composting in Telšiai State Forest Enterprise was created; the open habitat biodiversity in Natura 2000 areas in one lithuanian region - Samogitia (Žemaitija) were preserved and the local community was involved in the conservation of biodiversity and biodegradable waste composting. The composting site was equipped with the necessary equipment (1 tumbler, 1 shredder, 1 articulated loader and 1 telescopic loader, 1 scoop were purchased). The machinery for open habitat management was purchased with 2 tractors, 3 haymakers, 2 trailers, 2 rakes, 1 baling equipment and 5 trimmers. Unnecessary shrubs and trees as well as grass vegetation in the neglected meadows and open habitats were cut and mowed down in the area of 302 ha. The collected biomass was used for production of firewood the moved biomas in Natura 2000 was taken to the nursery. Benefits of the project implementation: the open habitat spaces were restored, landscape was revitalized old trees were freed, rare plants, fungi and animal species, valuable trees, medicinal and melliferous plant plantations, endangered habitats and species were preserved.

Summary of bilateral results