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Frontpage News 2016 Maintaining biodiversity

Photo: Mindaugas Kirstukas
Photo: Mindaugas Kirstukas

Maintaining biodiversity

  • In Lithuania wind power plants are fast becoming a meaningful source of energy. Despite their attractiveness because of their low carbon emissions, wind power plants have some direct negative impacts on biodiversity.

    We support a project that aims to identify potential conflict zones between the development of wind power and the protection of biodiversity. Usually three types of direct impact from wind power plants are distinguished: displacement, when wintering or resting birds’ sites are occupied; collision, when migratory or soaring birds are killed or injured by blades and turbines; and decompression, when rapid air-pressure reduction in the vicinity of rotating blades causes blood vessels in the lungs of bats to burst.

    The project will produce an elaborate Wind Power Conflict Zoning (WPCZ) tool by September 2016. The WPCZ tool will assist spatial planning specialists, wind power plant developers and environmental impact evaluators to find the best location for the wind power plants. This will result in better protection of biodiversity, lower costs of wind power plant development and simpler processes to assess environmental impact.

    It is expected that the density of wind power plants in Lithuania will continue to grow. That will most likely mean that the conflict between wind energy sector development and biodiversity protection will also grow. The identification of potential conflict zones and recommendations to minimise conflict intensity are important steps towards balancing biodiversity protection and wind energy development goals.
    “We are identifying conflict areas and will provide recommendations on how to build wind power plants with minimum impact on biodiversity,” said Liutauras Stoškus, project coordinator from the Centre for Sustainable Development.

    Read more about the project

    This project is one of the projects supported under the €6.8 million 'Biodiversity and ecosystem services' programme in Lithuania.

    21 057
    New data entries into the National Protected Species Information System
    Species’ conservation level evaluated
    19 km2
    Wetland areas restored
    Recommendations for
    invasive alien species
  • Country:


    Project title:

    Sustainable wind power generation development in West Lithuania (DAVEP-VLIT)

    Project number:


    Priority sector:

    Environmental Protection and Management


    € 209738



    Project promoter:

    Nature Research Center

    Type of Institution:

    University, college or other teaching institution, research institute or think-tank

    Project duration:

    24 months

    Project cost:

    € 246,750

    Grant from:

    EEA Grants

    The project aims to identify potential conflict zones between development of wind power generation and biodiversity protection and to prepare recommendations for minimizing the potential conflicts. The elaborated WPCZ tool (Wind Power Conflict Zoning Tool) will assist spatial planning specialists, wind power plant developers and environmental impact evaluators to identify the most sustainable sitting of wind power plants based on integrated biodiversity protection concerns within energy development schemes. Thus, the project results will help to ensure better biodiversity protection, lower wind power plant development costs and easier environmental impact assessment process.