Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway support programmes on biodiversity and ecosystem services in Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovenia. Each programme, while sharing the same overall objective, is tailor-made to align with national needs and wider EU and donor country priorities.
Figures show that, driven mainly by human activities, species are currently being lost 100 to 1 000 times faster than the natural rate . We all rely on resilient ecosystems and well-functioning ecosystem services to sustain the living networks that provide stable primary production, clean water, food and fuel. In Europe, the EU has set ambitious targets for halting loss of biodiversity by 2020.
Programmes in this area help beneficiary countries increase capacity to better manage and monitor Natura 2000 protected areas and protect native ecosystems. Better awareness and understanding of biodiversity and ecosystem services will improve the integration of biodiversity considerations in policy and legislative development.
- Halt loss of biodiversity
- Increased capacity to manage and monitor Natura 2000 sites effectively
- Avoided fragmentation of ecosystems
- Increased protection of Natura 2000 sites
- Increased protection of native ecosystems against invasive alien species
- Increased awareness of and education in biodiversity and ecosystem services, including of the links between biodiversity and climate change, and economic valuation of ecosystems
- Improved integration of biodiversity considerations in sectoral policies and legislation
- Increased capacity within environmental NGOs promoting biodiversity
Priorities, funded activities and eligibility criteria vary by programme.
Click here to read more about the individual programmes.
 European Commission (2011) EU biodiversity strategy to 2020