Review of energy saving and renewable energy production in Poland
The EEA and Norway Grants provide funding to Poland’s priority sector Protection of the Environment, among others. Energy saving in public buildings, the use of renewable energy sources and modernisation of heating systems is an important subsector.
Some 285 school buildings and 21 buildings belonging to hospitals and health institutions are being modernised, supported by €41.4 million from the EEA and Norway Grants. The old buildings, often in very poor condition, will be made energy efficient through insulation of walls, ceilings and roofs, replacement of windows and doors, as well as upgrades to the heating systems, including renewable energy sources. Projects are also ongoing to modernise the heat supply systems in 2,000 public owned apartments.
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Key overall findings
• The review of the projects dedicated to the energy renovation of 300 public buildings in Poland, concluded that the energy savings are expected to exceed 50% on average. The projects will benefit thousands of school children, patients and staff.
• The reduction of pollutant emissions has a positive impact on health of the population, but the extent of this cannot be measured in the short term.
• Energy (use) management is largely absent in the projects. Awareness of its cost efficiency seems to be lacking. An area that also leaves room for improvements is a more even standard of energy audit.
• The cost of avoided CO2 appears moderate and realistic at a level of EUR 70 per ton on an average
• Improve and consolidate the standard of energy audits in terms of providing reliable energy saving and pollution reduction indicators.
• Consider energy use management as an additional standard measure, as this has a potential in increasing efficient energy savings.
• Consider to a larger extent the inclusion of the sub category of housing cooperatives or publicly owned apartments, including solar thermal energy for domestic water preheating.