We have everything we need except for freedom
Many inmates enter Bulgaria’s only women prison with severe health problems. As a result of a reconstruction process, they can now get the health care they need behind prison walls.
The current condition of prisons in Bulgaria is inadequate, with an acute shortage of buildings, a high degree of prison overcrowding and deteriorating conditions that present a risk to the physical and mental health of prisoners and detainees.
With funding from Norway, eight prison facilities in Bulgaria have improved the material conditions so that they comply with national and international law and European standards.
“Here we have everything we need, except for freedom,” says Milanka (28), who is serving time in Sliven.
Ultrasound and dental care
“We have been able to improve life behind the prison walls through this project. We have created space for medical services with high standard equipment, a dental centre and a mother-child-unit with a new ultrasound machine. Now we attract specialists that help diagnose the inmates inside the prison,” says Yordan Danev, the deputy head of Sliven.
The aim of the project is to overcome challenges connected to growing prison populations and prison overcrowding. In Sliven women prison 240 inmates benefit from the project that are part of a larger programme to improve correctional services in Bulgaria.
“Many of our inmates are sick when they enter, and the women haven’t received any medical care outside of prison”, says Tanya Magleva, officer at the medical centre in Sliven. She believes that one of the greatest improvement is the bond of trust between inmates and medical staff.
A new dental centre inside prison is established. 80 percent of the inmates in Sliven have dental problems. Photo Credit: FMO/Maria Knoph Vigsnaes
51 children raised in prison
In Bulgaria, a child stays with the mother in prison until the age of one year. During the past five years 51 children have been raised in Sliven’s mother and child unit, which is now totally renovated.
“With separate departments for infants and one-year-olds, the mother unit has a capacity for 15 children at the same time. We can also offer treatments and medical examinations to avoid the spread of diseases within the prison,” says Tanya.
As a result of the renovation process, two sections customised for infants sentencing with their mothers were established. Photo Credit: FMO/Maria Knoph Vigsanes
“Punished for my sins”
Milanka (28) was pregnant when she entered Sliven prison. She was given comprehensive examinations during her pregnancy and received help from social workers to cope with motherhood. Today her son George is six-months-old.
“The conditions in this unit are very good. I don’t need to be scared that other inmates would hurt me, as I was during the pregnancy,” says Milanka, who wants to stay anonymous.
“It is a relief to have George with me, but it also feels like he is being punished for my sins; however, despite the circumstances I think we are okay,” says Milanka.
Prison is their home
Deputy head of the prison, Yordan Danev, underlines society’s role in preventing crimes and reintegrating inmates.
“The lack of care from society is often the reason why these women commit a crime in the first place. Some of these women see prison as their only “home”, and five percent doesn’t have another alternative because of mental disabilities or social status. That is not the way it is supposed to be,” says Yordan.
Yordan Danev thinks that society needs to take more responsibility to prevent high crime rates. Photo Credit: FMO/Maria Knoph Vigsnaes
We have supported more than 700 projects in Bulgaria through the funding period of 2009-2014. Read about two of them here:
Improving standards in prisons and investigative detention facilities by refurbishment of infrastructure to ensure respect for human rights
Justice and Home Affairs
General Directorate Executon of Sentences
Type of Institution:
The current conditions of material and technical facilities in prisons and places of detention in Bulgaria are inadequate, with an acute shortage of buildings, a high degree of prison overcrowding and deteriorating conditions that present a risk to the physical and psychological health of prisoners and detainees. This precludes the possibility for effective correction in line with the principles set out in the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe and the International Minimum Standards for Places of Detention. The objective of the project is to improve the material conditions in the following prison facilities in line with requirements laid down in national and international law and standards: Burgas, Varna, Pleven, Schumen, Lovech, Sliven, Atlant and Stara Zagora. The renovations are intended to provide for humane treatment of offenders and guarantee that their human rights are respected. In the case of Burgas the improvements will create 400 new places and reduce the overcrowding in the prison. The Council of Europe is a partner in the project and provides expert advice to ensure that the international standards are met. The approach in providing correctional services in Bulgaria excludes ethnically determined separation of the prisoners. Specific treatment is applied only in respect to vulnerability of inmates. Minority groups, such as Roma, are one of the vulnerable groups in prison. Although the measures in the programme are not directly targeted to benefit Roma this minority group, which has a rather high representation percentage in the said prison facilities, will benefit from the project activities.