A way back to society
“I need to be re-integrated before getting out of prison. During the past years I have lost my connection to society, I don’t know the new laws, and I need to establish relations with my family again.”
These are the words of Jon, an inmate who is serving the last months of his sentence in an open prison.
98% of the 7000 inmates in Lithuania are placed in closed prisons. The project ‘Reduce numbers of inmates in prison of high security by establishing four new open prisons’ aims to strengthen resocialisation of 80 inmates serving the last months of their sentences.
“This is a big step on the way to be integrated back into the society. They get support from psychologists and social workers,” says Vilmante Gintaraite, Head of Section of Psychology at the Alytus Correction House, one of the correctional facilities participating in the project.
“It feels like home”
The project's target group are people serving custodial sentences for negligent, minor, or less serious offences for a period up to seven years. They also exhibit a clear motivation to change their behaviour and adapt to a social life. Jon was transferred to the open prison house one week ago.
“This is a fantastic offer. It feels like home, because I am able to have a phone and internet, and I get the possibility to see my family and study. Today, I am going to school to get training to gain a profession,” says Jon.
After only one week in the open prison in Alytus, Jon feels like home. Photo Credit: FMO / Maria Knoph Vigsnaes
So far, two of the four open prisons are officially opened. Social workers assist the inmates in finding a job outside the correctional institution, and are helping them to start studying or participate in vocational training. A psychologist also evaluates their mental condition. The project contributes to reducing the number of inmates serving their sentences in closed prisons, and to providing more possibilities to participate in a social life outside of prison. However, there have been some challenges.
Vilmante Gintaraite believes the new type of prison is a big step in the right direction for the correctional services in Lithuania. Photo Credit: FMO / Maria Knoph Vigsnaes
“In the beginning, the neighbours were frightened of having inmates walking around in their neighbourhood. They thought they would get robbed. Social workers from the prison had to knock on doors and explain the project and the security plan. Finally, they thought it was okay. Since the inmates arrived, we have not experienced any problems,” says Vilmante.
“In a closed prison everything is planned for you. Here they have to plan for tomorrow and make a budget. The inmates told me it was a shock to have their own money and be able to go to the store. Many were anxious when they first came, but they received good guidance on how to plan their life on their own,” says Linas Simkus, Deputy Head of Alaytus Correctional Service.
In the common area there are different games they can use. Photo Credit: FMO / Maria Knoph Vigsnaes
Approximately 80 percent of male inmates released in Lithuania end up back in prison. One of the objectives of this project is to overcome challenges connected to growing prison populations and prison overcrowding.
“One of the biggest challenges within the correctional services in Lithuania is to reduce the “gap zone” between release and integration into society. With this open prison-model we hope to reduce the relapse, and create a safe environment for re-integration. Some of these inmates don’t know how to buy a train ticket, they need guidance on the way back to society,” says director of the Directorate of Norwegian Correctional Service, Kim Ekhaugen.
The project is financed through the Norway Grants as a part of the Correctional Services including Non-custodial Sanctions programme and has been implemented in partnership with the Sandaker halfway house in Norway.
There are four beds in each dorm. Every day the inmates have to go to work or study. Photo Credit: FMO / Maria Knoph Vigsnaes
“The funding made it possible to construct the four houses. Professionals from Norway came to train and supervise us during the process. We experienced the process as enlightening and as an investment for the future,” says Linas.
Reduced Number of Inmates in Prisons of High Security by Establishing 4 New Open Prisons
Justice and Home Affairs
Prison Department under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania
Type of Institution:
98 % of Lithuanian prison population is placed in closed type prisons. As the long time spent in closed prisons determines difficulties of successful integration into society after release from prison the objective of the project is to strengthening practical re-socialisation of imprisoned persons. This will be achieved through establishing 4 new half-way house type correctional institutions (with capacity of 80 places in total) for inmates serving the last months of their sentences. The project's target group are persons serving custodial sentences for negligent, minor or less serious crimes (up to 7 years) who are clearly motivated to change their behaviour and adapt for the social life in freedom. Additional 32 staff members (social workers) will be employed for assisting of these inmates to find a job outside correctional institution, to start studying or participating in vocational training. This project will contribute to the reduction of inmates serving their sentences in closed prisons and providing for more possibilities to participate in social life outside prison.