Raising HIV awareness in Poland
People living with HIV often face prejudice and discrimination in their daily lives. With support from Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway through the Polish 'NGO programme', the 'HIVocrisy. Let’s Cure It' campaign aims to change that.
The article below is reproduced courtesy of the Polish 'NGO programme' – Citizens for Democracy.
“My name is Kasia. I am an ordinary kind of girl. I have a job, a boyfriend and loving parents. I am no different than other girls. However, there is one moment I feel different and inferior. It’s when I reveal that I am HIV positive.”
“Many people change the way they look at me. They are afraid to shake hands with me or drink from the same glass. The fear makes me feel like a person who is no longer relevant” says the petite blond who featured in the Psychology of Health Center’s spot. The spot is part of the EEA Grants supported ‘HIVocrisy. Let’s Cure It’ campaign designed to change public perceptions in Poland of HIV infected persons.
Discrimination Worse Than Disease
According to the Stigma Index 2011 survey, which is a global study of discrimination against people living with HIV conducted in over 50 countries, 20% of people living with HIV have experienced social exclusion, 14% have been rejected by their own families and 13% have had to move home.
The HIV awareness is extremely low among Poles. According to Prof. Zbigniew Izdebski’s 2011 'Sexuality of Poles' study, as many as 20% of respondents claim that HIV may be contracted by touching a person suffering from AIDS. Nearly the same percentage (25%) believe this is possible while sharing a meal with someone and 51% think they can get infected as a result of using public toilets.
The authors of the campaign claim the medical condition itself, which can quite easily be brought under control with drugs these days, is not as big a problem as the accompanying social stigma and discrimination:
"HIV still triggers discrimination and fear in Poland. As time goes by, the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS is deteriorating in our society and we are becoming less tolerant of people living with HIV," says Małgorzata Kruk, President of the Psychology of Health Center.
What Have You Been Doing?
"When I said I was infected I saw utter amazement in people’s eyes. What have you been doing, what’s happened? Because in people’s minds I do not match the profile of infected people," admits Kasia, the face of the campaign, who has been living with the virus for the past three years.
There is still a strong belief that the disease mainly affects ‘the dregs of society’. This is exactly the profile of a seropositive person that emerges from the Review of National Media Coverage of HIV and People Living with HIV in Poland, a report developed by the ‘One World’ HIV/AIDS Prevention and Support Association. In 551 reviewed articles in opinion-making national media in Poland, HIV was nearly only covered in the context of gay men, sex workers and sex criminals. Unless it is a child, the seropositive person will often be portrayed as someone who 'had it coming' and is now a threat to the population. However, it is not homosexual people or drug users who are the leading group affected by the growing number of infections, but heterosexual individuals.
"Ever since I made a decision to live a normal life I have felt very much disturbed by discrimination I have experienced every day. It no longer affects me a lot, possibly also because I have decided to fight against this. I learned about the Foundation and this is how this idea for a campaign came about" replies Kasia.
The key message of the Campaign is demonstrating that it is easier to recover medically than socially with HIV. The main driver of the 'HIVocrisy. Let’s Cure It' campaign were the earlier campaigns organised by the Foundation.
"While developing the previous ‘H as in HIV’ campaign we asked our friends and colleagues if they thought an HIV positive child should attend school with healthy children. A vast majority said YES, but when asked what about their own child among them, 99 per cent said NO. It’s incredible that tolerance in our society comes from the fact that we have never come across such an individual and we refuse to believe we may actually know someone like this. Tolerance ends when we realise that HIV may in fact effect our close ones and friends" says Kruk.
Dont’ Be a HIVocrite
HIVocrisy is hypocrisy towards people with HIV. Symptoms? On the surface, we accept infected individuals but our behaviour changes on learning that they are around us. Then we make a step back. Suddenly, we no longer want to work with that person, use the same cutlery or shake hands, reads the campaign website at www.hivokryzja.pl
This is why the campaign targets healthy people and its objective is to treat the hypocrisy around HIV-infected individuals. HIVocrisy comes from ignorance too. We fear things we do not understand. Besides spots, the campaign will include street performance, city action games, sticker art placed in popular venues with a message that you cannot get infected with HIV by sharing the same glass, using the same money or using the same toilet. The campaign is due to end in April 2016.
I am HIV-positive!
Psychology of Health Center
Type of Institution:
Initiating the first guerrilla, innovative, educational social campaign in Poland aimed at counteracting social discrimination of HIV-positive persons. Using new forms of guerrilla marketing, such as stickers, virals, memes, photos, the campaign will expose false ideas and stereotypes concerning HIV-positive persons. On the other hand, it will also promote rational attitudes through educational activities and presentations, such as photo exhibitions, showing HIV-positive persons as people successfully performing different social and professional roles. In the last ten years, there were no anti-discrimination campaigns concerning HIV-positive persons in Poland, and the guerrilla form of the campaign “I am HIV-positive" is absolutely innovative among activities to counteract discrimination of HIV-positive persons in Poland. An unique dimension of the campaign will be participation of HIV-positive persons. Due to the partnership better quality of the campaign would be acheived. Partner organisation has great experience in managing innovative campaignes in the urban areas.