Strengthening the Schengen Area's eastern border
The modernisation of the Terespol border crossing at the Polish-Belarusian border is one of the largest projects supported by the Norway Grants. Nearly 1 million cars and coaches carry 2.3 million passengers across this border each year and this traffic is expected to increase.
The Terespol border crossing guards the eastern border of the European Union and the Schengen area with Belarus. Situated in Terespol in the Lublin Province, directly across the border from the Belarusian city of Brest, it is a key crossing point on the E 30 European route, which runs from Paris through Berlin and Warsaw to Moscow.
Its position on the EU's and the Schengen area's eastern border gives the Terespol border crossing an important preventive function, especially in the fight against illegal immigration, trafficking in persons, smuggling and other forms of organised crime.
The border crossing was opened in 1972 and has since then functioned as an international border crossing for cars and coaches. Since Belarusian authorities withdrew from common customs clearance in 2004, there has been an urgent need for expanding and upgrading the border crossing.
The project entails an extension of the border crossing's northern platform, as well as a massive upgrade and modernisation of the existing infrastructure. New access roads, control booths and control buildings will be constructed, and the existing customs clearance lanes will be widened. A full re-vamp of the station's electrical and ICT equipment is also included in the project. When the project has been carried through, the border crossing will employ 80 new staff members and be in full compliance with the Schengen acquis and provide a high degree of security. The service to passengers will improve and be made more efficient, and waiting times for customs clearance are expected to shorten.
A stone's throw away from Brest and its 310 000 population, the Terespol border crossing is in non-stop operation, 24 hours a day. In 2006 the daily average at the border crossing was 2550 vehicles. After the completion of the modernisation project, it is estimated that the border crossing will be able to process a traffic flow of 3456 vehicles daily. Border crossing traffic at the EU's eastern border is expected to increase over the following years.
Extention of the Road Border Crossing in Terespol - northern platform.
Schengen and judiciary
Type & project assistance:
Lublin Executive Board for Border Crossings in Chelm
Type of institution:
Grant agreement date:
27 May 2008
The purpose of the Project is to modernise and extend the northern platform of the road border crossing in Terespol, with the overall objective of strengthening the protection of the Schengen area by improving the infrastructure at the EU's external border. Reference is made to the application, dated 8 August 2007, and to further correspondence with the Focal Point dated 21 January 2008.
The completed Project shall include the following activities and results:
- removal of the existing forest stand and construction of new embankments;
- construction of access roads and widening of the platform to 8 customs clearance lanes;
- construction of roofing over the customs clearance lanes;
- construction of drainage and sewage systems;
- construction of a catwalk and a shelter;
- construction of 8 new control booths;
- construction of a control building for coaches and cars;
- construction of a sanitary building for passengers;
- construction of parking lots;
- fencing of the border crossing area;
- disassembly of the old transformer station and installation of a new;
- disassembly of the old radio pole and installation of a new;
- installation of two fire-prevention containers;
- installation of electricity lines and area lighting;
- installation of new telephone and computer networks;
- installation of cooling, central heating and hot water systems;
- acquisition of technical systems of security and customs clearance support (including a closed-circuit TV system, a traffic control system and a system for automatic recognition of licence plates);
- purchase of engineering services;
- Project promotion.
The Project Promoter is the Lublin Executive Board for Border Crossings in Chelm.
The Focal Point shall ensure that the Project Promoter provides at least 15 percent of the estimated eligible Project costs.