National symbol of great significance
The EEA Grants finance the restoration of the Shumen Fortress, a place of immense significance to the cultural and religious history not only of Bulgaria, but of much of eastern Europe.
The Shumen Fortress in eastern Bulgaria both encapsulates and symbolises much of the history of the Bulgarian nation. In eastern and central parts of Europe there is hardly any one locality where a nation’s history as a whole, through more than one thousand years, is concentrated to the same degree as in Shumen. The Fortress is today an historical and archaeological reserve, a national tourist site in the area of the Shumen Plateu Nature Park.
The restoration work of the huge Fortress has been painstakingly slow after all the battles and destructions it has faced. Excavations carried out since 1957 have uncovered a village dating back to the late Iron Age, and fortified in the Roman Era (1st century) by stone walls and battled towers. An Early Christian Church was founded as well. There are remains of rock monasteries and churches at the foot of the fortress. In the 1980s some reconstruction work was done.
With its churches, civil buildings and military fortifications, Shumen was, in effect, the cultural, military and strategic centre of Bulgaria as early as the late 800s. This was during a period when the Slavonic (Cyrillic) alphabet was invented and introduced in what was to become the Russian empire.
The project funded by the EEA and Norway Grants has a strong element of regional policy. The completed project will include restoration and conservation of the fortress walls, development of walking paths and turnstiles within the fortress complex, establishment of artistic lighting, improvement of tourist infrastructure and purchase of equipment for temperature and humidity control, publicity activities and project management.
Photo: Tamas Bujnovszky/Riksantikvaren
Restoration and conservation of Shumen Fortress – cradle of the civilizations who lived in Bulgaria
Conservation of European cultural heritage
Type & project assistance:
The Municipality of Shumen
Type of institution:
Grant agreement date:
29 June 2009
The purpose of the Project is the restoration of the Shumen fortress walls, improvement of infrastructure and installation of artistic lighting, with the overall objective of preservation of cultural and historical heritage in Shumen. Reference is made to the application, dated 24 April 2008, and any subsequent correspondence with the Focal Point.
The completed Project shall include the following activities and results:
- restoration and conservation of fortress walls;
- development of walking paths within the fortress complex;
- establishment of artistic lighting;
- improvement of tourist infrastructure and purchase of equipment for temperature and humidity control and turnstiles;
- publicity activities;
- project management.
The Project Promoter is the municipality of Shumen.
The Focal Point shall ensure that at least 15 percent of the estimated eligible Project cost are provided from the state budget.